Turkmenistan Population (LIVE)

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Turkmenistan Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Turkmenistan is 6,596,222 as of Monday, June 24, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Turkmenistan 2023 population is estimated at 6,516,100 people at mid year.
  • Turkmenistan population is equivalent to 0.08% of the total world population.
  • Turkmenistan ranks number 111 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Turkmenistan is 14 per Km2 (36 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 469,930 Km2 (181,441 sq. miles)
  • 52.0 % of the population is urban (3,391,065 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Turkmenistan is 26.3 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Turkmenistan (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationTurkmenistan
Global Rank
2024 6,598,071 1.26 % 81,971 -4,000 26.5 2.55 14 52.5 % 3,465,717 0.08 % 8,118,835,999 111
2023 6,516,100 1.33 % 85,330 -4,000 26.3 2.58 14 52.0 % 3,391,065 0.08 % 8,045,311,447 111
2022 6,430,770 1.40 % 88,915 -4,000 26.1 2.62 14 51.6 % 3,316,493 0.08 % 7,975,105,156 111
2020 6,250,438 1.49 % 92,018 -4,502 25.6 2.70 13 50.7 % 3,167,354 0.08 % 7,840,952,880 112
2015 5,766,431 1.82 % 99,692 -9,612 24.4 2.93 12 48.6 % 2,800,294 0.08 % 7,426,597,537 113
2010 5,267,970 1.52 % 76,439 -9,627 23.1 2.83 11 46.8 % 2,466,832 0.08 % 6,985,603,105 115
2005 4,885,775 1.35 % 63,329 -8,252 21.6 2.66 10 45.8 % 2,237,159 0.07 % 6,558,176,119 114
2000 4,569,132 1.57 % 68,502-9,473 20.2 2.90 10 45.4 % 2,073,509 0.07 % 6,148,898,975 114
1995 4,226,623 2.58 % 101,269 -462 19.3 3.51 9 44.6 % 1,884,853 0.07 % 5,743,219,454 118
1990 3,720,278 2.76 % 94,678 798 18.7 4.24 8 44.6 % 1,660,542 0.07 % 5,316,175,862 119
1985 3,246,887 2.55 % 76,797 -6,209 18.6 4.89 7 45.9 % 1,491,485 0.07 % 4,861,730,613 123
1980 2,862,903 2.54 % 67,429 -4,609 17.9 5.25 6 47.3 % 1,354,342 0.06 % 4,444,007,706 125
1975 2,525,760 2.79 % 64,866 2,247 17.1 5.90 5 47.5 % 1,200,996 0.06 % 4,069,437,231 124
1970 2,201,432 3.02 % 60,867 5,557 16.7 6.40 5 47.6 % 1,048,846 0.06 % 3,695,390,336 125
1965 1,897,095 3.44 % 59,009 5,492 18.0 6.76 4 47.0 % 892,144 0.06 % 3,337,111,983 130
1960 1,602,052 3.28 % 47,709 5,730 21.1 6.59 3 46.4 % 744,101 0.05 % 3,019,233,434 128
1955 1,363,507 2.35 % 29,882 4,672 22.1 5.79 3 45.7 % 623,450 0.05 % 2,746,072,141 130
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Turkmenistan Population Forecast

-4,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationTurkmenistan
Global Rank
2025 6,676,966 1.33 % 85,306 -4,000 26.8 2.52 14 53.0 % 3,540,511 0.08 % 8,191,988,453 110
2030 7,034,758 1.05 % 71,558 -4,000 27.7 2.40 15 55.7 % 3,916,855 0.08 % 8,546,141,327 111
2035 7,367,831 0.93 % 66,615 -4,000 28.3 2.28 16 58.3 % 4,297,443 0.08 % 8,879,397,401 111
2040 7,697,615 0.88 % 65,957 -4,000 29.2 2.17 16 60.9 % 4,684,923 0.08 % 9,188,250,492 110
2045 8,005,874 0.79 % 61,652 -4,000 30.6 2.10 17 63.3 % 5,070,370 0.08 % 9,467,543,575 113
2050 8,263,833 0.64 % 51,592   32.2 2.03 18 65.7 % 5,433,187 0.09 % 9,709,491,761 113
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Turkmenistan Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Turkmenistan
Life Expectancy
69.54 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
32.1
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
37.7
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Turkmenistan

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Ashgabat 727,700
2 Turkmenabat 234,817
3 Dasoguz 166,500
4 Mary 114,680
5 Balkanabat 87,822
6 Bayramaly 75,797
7 Turkmenbasy 68,292
8 Tejen 67,294
9 Abadan 39,481
10 Yoloeten 37,705
11 Gowurdak 34,745
12 Atamyrat 33,242
13 Koeneuergench 30,000
14 Annau 27,526
15 Yylanly 26,901
16 Gumdag 24,312
17 Baharly 22,991
18 Boldumsaz 21,159
19 Bereket 21,090
20 Gazojak 21,021
21 Kaka 18,545
22 Sayat 17,762
22 Seydi 17,762
23 Tagta 16,635

See also

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Notes

The Turkmenistan Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Turkmenistan delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Turkmenistan (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Turkmenistan in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.