Estonia Population (LIVE)

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Estonia Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Estonia is 1,319,393 as of Sunday, May 26, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Estonia 2023 population is estimated at 1,322,765 people at mid year.
  • Estonia population is equivalent to 0.02% of the total world population.
  • Estonia ranks number 156 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Estonia is 31 per Km2 (81 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 42,390 Km2 (16,367 sq. miles)
  • 68.0 % of the population is urban (899,951 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Estonia is 41.9 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Estonia (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEstonia
Global Rank
2024 1,319,041 -0.28 % -3,724 -1,000 42.1 1.67 31 68.2 % 899,574 0.02 % 8,118,835,999 156
2023 1,322,765 -0.25 % -3,297 -1,000 41.9 1.68 31 68.0 % 899,951 0.02 % 8,045,311,447 156
2022 1,326,062 -0.20 % -2,639 -1,000 41.6 1.68 31 67.9 % 900,206 0.02 % 7,975,105,156 156
2020 1,329,444 0.18 % 2,405 2,995 41.4 1.68 31 67.7 % 900,365 0.02 % 7,840,952,880 155
2015 1,314,657 -0.25 % -3,376 4,308 40.6 1.58 31 68.5 % 899,890 0.02 % 7,426,597,537 155
2010 1,331,535 -0.34 % -4,625 -3,759 39.3 1.71 31 68.1 % 907,079 0.02 % 6,985,603,105 153
2005 1,354,662 -0.61 % -8,443 -5,242 38.3 1.52 32 68.8 % 931,800 0.02 % 6,558,176,119 152
2000 1,396,877 -0.78 % -11,180-3,230 37.0 1.35 33 69.5 % 970,541 0.02 % 6,148,898,975 149
1995 1,452,775 -1.55 % -23,580 -12,803 35.3 1.38 34 69.3 % 1,007,415 0.03 % 5,743,219,454 148
1990 1,570,674 0.58 % 8,978 -2,798 33.4 2.04 37 71.0 % 1,114,930 0.03 % 5,316,175,862 146
1985 1,525,782 0.65 % 9,760 5,033 32.9 2.13 36 70.6 % 1,077,351 0.03 % 4,861,730,613 144
1980 1,476,983 0.73 % 10,588 4,505 32.7 2.02 35 69.6 % 1,027,844 0.03 % 4,444,007,706 142
1975 1,424,044 0.89 % 12,409 6,670 33.4 2.05 34 67.5 % 961,150 0.03 % 4,069,437,231 140
1970 1,361,999 1.06 % 13,999 6,294 32.7 2.17 32 64.9 % 883,407 0.04 % 3,695,390,336 138
1965 1,292,004 1.19 % 14,788 8,941 32.1 1.89 30 61.3 % 791,637 0.04 % 3,337,111,983 133
1960 1,218,064 0.84 % 9,958 7,627 31.1 1.98 29 57.5 % 700,072 0.04 % 3,019,233,434 134
1955 1,168,276 1.17 % 13,240 4,362 28.8 2.16 28 53.2 % 621,619 0.04 % 2,746,072,141 133
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Estonia Population Forecast

-1,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEstonia
Global Rank
2025 1,314,900 -0.22 % -2,909 -1,000 42.4 1.67 31 68.4 % 899,102 0.02 % 8,191,988,453 156
2030 1,289,441 -0.39 % -5,092 -1,000 44.0 1.67 30 69.4 % 895,321 0.02 % 8,546,141,327 159
2035 1,259,966 -0.46 % -5,895 -1,000 45.8 1.67 30 70.7 % 891,420 0.01 % 8,879,397,401 160
2040 1,230,997 -0.46 % -5,794 -1,000 47.3 1.67 29 72.3 % 889,581 0.01 % 9,188,250,492 160
2045 1,202,180 -0.47 % -5,763 -1,000 47.5 1.67 28 73.9 % 888,618 0.01 % 9,467,543,575 160
2050 1,171,695 -0.51 % -6,097   46.9 1.67 28 75.6 % 885,226 0.01 % 9,709,491,761 162
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Estonia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Estonia
Life Expectancy
79.31 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
1.7
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
2.3
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Estonia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Tallinn 394,024
2 Tartu 101,092
3 Narva 66,980
4 Kohtla-Jaerve 46,060
5 Paernu 44,192
6 Viljandi 20,309
7 Rakvere 16,736
8 Sillamaee 16,672
9 Maardu 16,630

See also

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Notes

The Estonia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Estonia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Estonia (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Estonia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.