China Population (LIVE)

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China Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of China is 1,425,225,938 as of Sunday, May 26, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • China 2023 population is estimated at 1,425,671,352 people at mid year.
  • China population is equivalent to 17.72% of the total world population.
  • China ranks number 2 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in China is 152 per Km2 (393 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 9,388,211 Km2 (3,624,807 sq. miles)
  • 65.0 % of the population is urban (926,375,811 people in 2023)
  • The median age in China is 39.0 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of China (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationChina
Global Rank
2024 1,425,178,782 -0.03 % -492,570 -310,866 39.5 1.21 152 66.1 % 941,865,672 17.55 % 8,118,835,999 2
2023 1,425,671,352 -0.02 % -215,985 -310,220 39.0 1.19 152 65.0 % 926,375,811 17.72 % 8,045,311,447 2
2022 1,425,887,337 0.00 % -6,128 -311,380 38.5 1.18 152 63.8 % 910,080,750 17.88 % 7,975,105,156 1
2020 1,424,929,781 0.22 % 3,065,750 -33,649 37.4 1.28 152 61.4 % 875,075,919 18.17 % 7,840,952,880 1
2015 1,393,715,448 0.67 % 9,104,816 -155,379 35.6 1.67 148 55.6 % 775,352,918 18.77 % 7,426,597,537 1
2010 1,348,191,368 0.66 % 8,660,761 -216,417 34.1 1.69 144 49.6 % 669,353,557 19.30 % 6,985,603,105 1
2005 1,304,887,562 0.64 % 8,157,699 -519,752 31.7 1.62 139 43.1 % 561,983,323 19.90 % 6,558,176,119 1
2000 1,264,099,069 0.74 % 9,190,929-549,792 28.9 1.63 135 36.4 % 460,377,048 20.56 % 6,148,898,975 1
1995 1,218,144,426 1.09 % 12,888,035 -625,725 26.1 1.59 130 31.5 % 383,901,711 21.21 % 5,743,219,454 1
1990 1,153,704,252 1.70 % 18,692,855 -290,067 23.7 2.51 123 26.9 % 310,022,147 21.70 % 5,316,175,862 1
1985 1,060,239,979 1.54 % 15,573,503 -60,932 21.7 2.63 113 23.1 % 244,946,241 21.81 % 4,861,730,613 1
1980 982,372,466 1.43 % 13,449,561 -20,131 20.8 2.74 105 19.6 % 192,392,094 22.11 % 4,444,007,706 1
1975 915,124,661 2.16 % 18,518,042 -115,215 19.0 3.57 97 17.5 % 160,244,444 22.49 % 4,069,437,231 1
1970 822,534,450 2.59 % 19,737,620 -126,514 18.0 6.09 88 17.4 % 143,513,192 22.26 % 3,695,390,336 1
1965 723,846,349 2.04 % 13,935,131 -128,537 18.5 6.61 77 18.1 % 130,684,595 21.69 % 3,337,111,983 1
1960 654,170,692 1.63 % 10,170,109 -118,519 19.9 4.45 70 16.3 % 106,561,743 21.67 % 3,019,233,434 1
1955 603,320,147 2.09 % 11,868,183 -16,814 20.7 6.26 64 14.0 % 84,639,825 21.97 % 2,746,072,141 1
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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China Population Forecast

-309,963
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationChina
Global Rank
2025 1,424,381,924 -0.01 % -109,571 -310,158 40.0 1.21 152 67.2 % 956,553,854 17.39 % 8,191,988,453 2
2030 1,415,605,906 -0.12 % -1,755,204 -311,018 42.7 1.27 151 71.9 % 1,017,847,445 16.56 % 8,546,141,327 2
2035 1,399,547,500 -0.23 % -3,211,681 -310,772 45.4 1.31 149 75.7 % 1,059,618,626 15.76 % 8,879,397,401 2
2040 1,377,556,938 -0.32 % -4,398,112 -310,586 48.0 1.34 147 78.7 % 1,083,464,035 14.99 % 9,188,250,492 2
2045 1,349,756,901 -0.41 % -5,560,007 -309,968 49.6 1.36 144 80.9 % 1,092,037,409 14.26 % 9,467,543,575 2
2050 1,312,636,325 -0.56 % -7,424,115   50.7 1.39 140 83.2 % 1,091,948,003 13.52 % 9,709,491,761 2
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

China Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of China
Life Expectancy
78.79 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
5.7
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
6.9
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in China

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Shanghai 22,315,474
2 Beijing 11,716,620
3 Tianjin 11,090,314
4 Guangzhou 11,071,424
5 Shenzhen 10,358,381
6 Wuhan 9,785,388
7 Dongguan 8,000,000
8 Chongqing 7,457,600
9 Chengdu 7,415,590
10 Nanjing 7,165,292
11 Nanchong 7,150,000
12 Xi'an 6,501,190
13 Shenyang 6,255,921
14 Hangzhou 6,241,971
15 Harbin 5,878,939
16 Tai'an 5,499,000
17 Suzhou 5,345,961
18 Shantou 5,329,024
19 Jinan 4,335,989
20 Zhengzhou 4,253,913
21 Changchun 4,193,073
22 Dalian 4,087,733
23 Kunming 3,855,346
24 Qingdao 3,718,835
25 Foshan 3,600,000
26 Puyang 3,590,000
27 Wuxi 3,543,719
28 Xiamen 3,531,347
29 Tianshui 3,500,000
30 Ningbo 3,491,597
31 Shiyan 3,460,000
32 Taiyuan 3,426,519
33 Tangshan 3,372,102
34 Hefei 3,310,268
35 Zibo 3,129,228
36 Zhongshan 3,121,275
37 Changsha 3,093,980
38 Urumqi 3,029,372
39 Shijiazhuang 2,834,942
40 Lanzhou 2,628,426
41 Yunfu 2,612,800
42 Nanchang 2,357,839
43 Dadonghai 2,000,000
44 Ordos 1,940,653
45 Jilin 1,881,977
46 Bayan Nur 1,760,000
47 Kunshan 1,600,000
48 Xinyang 1,590,668
49 Fushun 1,400,646
50 Luoyang 1,390,581
51 Guankou 1,380,000
52 Handan 1,358,318
53 Baotou 1,301,768
54 Xuchang 1,265,536
55 Yueyang 1,200,000
56 Anshan 1,199,275
57 Tongshan 1,199,193
58 Fuzhou 1,179,720
59 Guiyang 1,171,633
60 Lijiang 1,137,600
61 Datong 1,052,678
62 Changshu City 1,047,700
63 Xianyang 1,034,081
64 Huainan 1,027,655
65 Jieyang 1,001,985
66 Zhu Cheng City 1,000,000
67 Baoding 995,652
68 Benxi 987,717
69 Changzhou 949,018
70 Huaibei 903,039

See also

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Notes

The China Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of China delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of China (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by China in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.