Philippines Demographics

Population of the Philippines (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of the Philippines

Philippines Population
Yearly Change
+ 1.54%
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in the Philippines is 25.0 years (2023).

Fertility in the Philippines

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in the Philippines

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
72.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
74.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
70.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in the Philippines

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Philippines Urban Population

Currently, 47.1 % of the population of the Philippines is urban (55,287,662 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in the Philippines is 394 people per Km2 (1,019 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 298,170 Km2 (115,124 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in the Philippines

1 Quezon City 2,761,720
2 Manila 1,600,000
3 Caloocan City 1,500,000
4 Budta 1,273,715
5 Davao 1,212,504
6 Malingao 1,121,974
7 Cebu City 798,634
8 General Santos 679,588
9 Taguig 644,473
10 Pasig City 617,301
11 Las Pinas 590,000
12 Antipolo 549,543
13 Makati City 510,383
14 Zamboanga 457,623
15 Bacolod City 454,898
16 Mansilingan 454,150
17 Cagayan de Oro 445,103
18 Dasmarinas 441,876
19 Pasay 416,522
20 Iloilo 387,681
21 San Jose del Monte 357,828
22 Bacoor 356,974
23 Lapu-Lapu City 350,467
24 Iligan 342,618
25 Mandaue City 331,320
26 Calamba 316,612
27 Iligan City 312,323
28 Butuan 309,709
29 Cabuyao 308,745
30 Mandaluyong City 305,576

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.