Cuba Demographics

Population of Cuba (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Cuba

Cuba Population
Yearly Change
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Cuba is 41.4 years (2023).

Fertility in Cuba

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Cuba

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
78.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
80.7 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
76.0 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Cuba

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Cuba Urban Population

Currently, 79.7 % of the population of Cuba is urban (8,921,445 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Cuba is 105 people per Km2 (272 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 106,440 Km2 (41,097 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Cuba

1 Havana 2,163,824
2 Santiago de Cuba 555,865
3 Camaguey 347,562
4 Holguin 319,102
5 Guantanamo 272,801
6 Santa Clara 250,512
7 Diez de Octubre 227,293
8 Arroyo Naranjo 210,053
9 Las Tunas 203,684

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.