Colombia Demographics

Population of Colombia (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Colombia

Colombia Population
Yearly Change
+ 0.41%
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Colombia is 31.6 years (2023).

Fertility in Colombia

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Colombia

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
77.5 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
80.4 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
74.6 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Colombia

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Colombia Urban Population

Currently, 81.0 % of the population of Colombia is urban (42,201,325 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Colombia is 47 people per Km2 (122 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 1,109,500 Km2 (428,380 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Colombia

1 Bogota 7,674,366
2 Cali 2,392,877
3 Medellin 1,999,979
4 Barranquilla 1,380,425
5 Cartagena 952,024
6 Cucuta 721,398
7 Bucaramanga 571,820
8 Pereira 440,118
9 Santa Marta 431,781
10 Ibague 421,685
11 Bello 392,939
12 Pasto 382,236
13 Manizales 357,814
14 Neiva 352,855
15 Soledad 342,556
16 Villavicencio 321,717
17 Armenia 315,328
18 Soacha 313,945
19 Valledupar 308,237
20 Itaguei 281,853
21 Monteria 272,420
22 Sincelejo 261,187
23 Popayan 258,653
24 Floridablanca 252,267
25 Palmira 247,986
26 Buenaventura 240,387

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.