Canada Population (LIVE)

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Canada Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Canada is 39,074,583 as of Sunday, May 26, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Canada 2023 population is estimated at 38,781,291 people at mid year.
  • Canada population is equivalent to 0.48% of the total world population.
  • Canada ranks number 38 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Canada is 4 per Km2 (11 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 9,093,510 Km2 (3,511,022 sq. miles)
  • 81.4 % of the population is urban (31,563,358 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Canada is 40.6 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Canada (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCanada
Global Rank
2024 39,107,046 0.84 % 325,755 249,100 40.8 1.47 4 81.5 % 31,863,601 0.48 % 8,118,835,999 38
2023 38,781,291 0.85 % 326,964 249,746 40.6 1.47 4 81.4 % 31,563,358 0.48 % 8,045,311,447 38
2022 38,454,327 0.78 % 299,315 248,586 40.4 1.47 4 81.3 % 31,263,957 0.48 % 7,975,105,156 39
2020 37,888,705 0.98 % 366,121 195,181 39.9 1.46 4 80.9 % 30,670,064 0.48 % 7,840,952,880 39
2015 35,732,126 1.02 % 353,743 232,738 39.6 1.55 4 81.8 % 29,212,401 0.48 % 7,426,597,537 38
2010 33,963,412 1.06 % 349,499 227,724 38.7 1.63 4 81.4 % 27,655,231 0.49 % 6,985,603,105 35
2005 32,215,916 0.98 % 306,521 204,710 37.6 1.54 4 80.3 % 25,869,853 0.49 % 6,558,176,119 35
2000 30,683,313 0.93 % 278,778201,617 35.8 1.49 3 79.6 % 24,428,073 0.50 % 6,148,898,975 35
1995 29,289,423 1.15 % 326,444 137,472 33.8 1.68 3 77.8 % 22,782,132 0.51 % 5,743,219,454 33
1990 27,657,204 1.37 % 362,656 145,270 31.9 1.81 3 76.7 % 21,207,473 0.52 % 5,316,175,862 32
1985 25,843,922 1.06 % 266,482 39,796 30.0 1.67 3 76.4 % 19,755,707 0.53 % 4,861,730,613 32
1980 24,511,510 1.16 % 275,052 101,270 28.1 1.74 3 75.7 % 18,565,807 0.55 % 4,444,007,706 32
1975 23,136,252 1.54 % 340,335 130,169 26.4 1.85 3 75.7 % 17,508,653 0.57 % 4,069,437,231 31
1970 21,434,577 1.71 % 349,154 295,787 25.0 2.33 2 75.7 % 16,229,750 0.58 % 3,695,390,336 30
1965 19,688,805 1.91 % 355,890 103,588 24.5 3.14 2 72.9 % 14,362,464 0.59 % 3,337,111,983 30
1960 17,909,356 2.62 % 435,087 44,527 25.5 3.90 2 69.1 % 12,373,883 0.59 % 3,019,233,434 30
1955 15,733,923 2.74 % 398,171 89,011 26.3 3.83 2 65.7 % 10,340,832 0.57 % 2,746,072,141 30
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Canada Population Forecast

250,003
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCanada
Global Rank
2025 39,431,447 0.80 % 308,548 249,808 41.0 1.48 4 81.6 % 32,164,167 0.48 % 8,191,988,453 38
2030 41,008,596 0.79 % 315,430 258,947 42.0 1.50 5 82.1 % 33,662,820 0.48 % 8,546,141,327 38
2035 42,503,204 0.72 % 298,922 259,193 43.0 1.51 5 82.6 % 35,120,468 0.48 % 8,879,397,401 41
2040 43,822,969 0.61 % 263,953 259,379 43.9 1.53 5 83.4 % 36,540,219 0.48 % 9,188,250,492 43
2045 44,932,177 0.50 % 221,842 249,998 44.8 1.54 5 84.4 % 37,921,907 0.47 % 9,467,543,575 46
2050 45,890,819 0.42 % 191,728   45.3 1.55 5 85.5 % 39,233,850 0.47 % 9,709,491,761 45
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Canada Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Canada
Life Expectancy
83.02 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
3.8
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
4.4
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Canada

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Toronto 2,600,000
2 Montreal 1,600,000
3 Calgary 1,019,942
4 Ottawa 812,129
5 Edmonton 712,391
6 Mississauga 668,549
7 North York 636,000
8 Winnipeg 632,063
9 Scarborough 600,000
9 Vancouver 600,000
10 Quebec 528,595
11 Hamilton 519,949
12 Brampton 433,806
13 Surrey 394,976
14 Laval 376,845
15 Halifax 359,111
16 Etobicoke 347,948
17 London 346,765
18 Okanagan 297,601
19 Victoria 289,625
20 Windsor 278,013
21 Markham 261,573
22 Oshawa 247,989
23 Gatineau 242,124
24 Vaughan 238,866
25 Kitchener 233,700
26 Longueuil 229,330
27 Burnaby 202,799
28 Ladner 200,000
29 Saskatoon 198,958
30 Richmond Hill 185,541
31 Barrie 182,041
32 Richmond 182,000
33 Nepean 180,000
34 Regina 176,183
35 Oakville 165,697
36 Burlington 164,415
37 Greater Sudbury 157,857
38 Abbotsford 151,683
39 Saguenay 143,692
40 St. Catharines 131,989
41 Sherbrooke 129,447
42 Anmore 126,456
43 Levis 126,396
44 Kelowna 125,109
45 Cambridge 120,372
46 Trois-Rivieres 119,693
47 Guelph 115,760
48 East York 115,365
49 Coquitlam 114,565
50 Kingston 114,195
51 Sydney 105,968
52 Delta 101,668
53 Dartmouth 101,343
54 Thunder Bay 99,334
55 St. John's 99,182
56 Waterloo 97,475
57 Terrebonne 94,703
58 Ajax 90,167
59 Saint John 87,857
60 Pickering 87,838
61 Brantford 87,759
62 Moncton 87,467
63 Nanaimo 84,905
64 Milton 84,362
65 Sarnia 82,998
66 Niagara Falls 82,000
67 Willowdale 79,440
68 Saint-Laurent 77,391
69 Chilliwack 77,000

See also

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Notes

The Canada Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Canada delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Canada (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Canada in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.